Entrust-sponsored research conducted by the Ponemon Institute, highlights gaps impacting organizations’ ability to meet rising cybersecurity threats Dubai, United Arab Emirates – June 9, 2022 — Organizations reporting having a consistent, enterprise-wide encryption strategy in the Middle East leapt from 29 percent to 63 percent, as they seek greater control of the data they have distributed across multiple cloud environments. This and other findings are highlighted in the Entrust 2022 Global Encryption Trends Study, the seventeenth annual multinational survey of security and IT professionals conducted by the Ponemon Institute. The study looks at how more than 6,000 companies across multiple sectors and 17 countries, including UAE and KSA, are prioritizing their digital security investments to regain control of the data amid dynamic cloud environments and increasing cybersecurity threat. Companies are taking data protection more seriously, but there’s still a way to go While the Ponemon research has shown a steady increase in enterprise-wide encryption adoption over the years, this year’s study revealed a dramatic jump in the Middle East, from 29% to 63%, in those respondents saying that their organizations have an encryption policy that is consistently applied. Similarly, 70% of Middle East respondents rated the level of their senior leaders’ support for enterprise-wide encryption strategy as significant or very significant. This year’s report also revealed a significant decrease since 2021 in the top challenge in planning and executing a data encryption strategy, namely the challenge of ‘locating data’ was reported down 39% from 67%. “With an unprecedented amount of cybersecurity threats challenging organizations today, coupled with new and dynamic cloud environments, it has never been more important to have a company-wide encryption strategy in place. According to our latest Encryption Trends Report, there has been a large jump in the Middle East region, with respondents reporting they have witnessed consistently applied encryption policies across their organizations, as well as increased support from senior leadership. This is telling of a new awakening to the need for more consistent and proactive data security,” said Hamid Qureshi, Regional Sales Director, Middle East, Africa and South Asia at Entrust. While the results indicate that companies have gone from assessing the problem to acting on it, they also reveal encryption implementation gaps across many sensitive data categories. For example, while 50% of respondents in the Middle East say that encryption is extensively deployed across containers, just 31% say the same for big data repositories and 32% across IoT platforms. Similarly, while 71% of Middle East respondents rate hardware security modules (HSMs) as an important part of an encryption and key management strategy, 37% said they were still lacking HSMs. These results highlight the accelerating digital transformation underpinned by the movement to the cloud, as well as the increased focus on data protection. Organizations seek greater control of their cloud data This year’s study also reveals how the flow of sensitive data into multiple cloud environments is forcing enterprises to increase their security in this space. Notably, this includes containerized applications, where the use of HSMs reached an all-time high of 35%. More than half of Middle East respondents (54%) admit their organizations transfer sensitive or confidential data to the cloud whether or not it is encrypted or made unreadable via some other mechanism such as tokenization or data masking. However, another 23% said they expect to do so in the next one to two years. “The rising adoption of multi-cloud environments, containers and serverless deployments, as well as IoT platforms, is creating a new kind of IT security headache for many organizations,” added Qureshi. “This is compounded by the growth in ransomware and other cybersecurity attacks. This year’s Global Encryption Trends study shows that organizations are responding by looking to maintain control over encrypted data rather than leaving it to platform providers to secure.” When it comes to protecting some or all of their data at rest in the cloud, 41% (up from 28% in 2021) of those surveyed in the Middle East said encryption is performed in the cloud using keys generated and managed by the cloud provider. Another 32% of respondents reported encryption being performed on-premises prior to sending data to the cloud using keys their organization generates and manages, while 25% are using some form of Bring Your Own Key (BYOK) approach. Both of these models remained at the same level as last year’s results. Together, these findings indicate the benefits of cloud computing outweigh the risks associated with transferring sensitive or confidential data to the cloud, but also that encryption and data protection in the cloud is being handled more directly. Employees continue to represent a significant threat to sensitive data When it comes to the sources to threats, respondents identified employee mistakes as the top threat that might result in the exposure of sensitive data – although this is down slightly from last year (54% in 2022 vs 56% in 2021), while the threat from temporary or contract workers reached its highest level ever (42% in 2022 vs 32% in 2021). The other highest ranked threats identified were system or process malfunction (19%) and hackers (33%). These results make it clear that threats are coming from all directions so it’s distressing, but not surprising that 64% of Middle East respondents admitted having suffered at least one data breach in 2020, and just about half (49%) having suffered one in the last 12 months. “Over 17 years of doing this study, we’ve seen some fundamental shifts occur across the industry. The findings in the Entrust 2022 Global Encryption Trends study point to organizations being more proactive about cybersecurity rather than just reactive,” said Dr Larry Ponemon, chairman and founder of the Ponemon Institute. “While the sentiment is a very positive one, the findings also point to increasingly complex and dynamic IT landscape with rising risks that require a hands-on approach to data security and a pressing need to turn cybersecurity strategies into actions sooner rather than later.” “As more enterprises migrate applications across multi-cloud deployments there is a need to monitor that activity to ensure enforcement of security policies and compliance with regulatory requirements. Similarly, encryption is essential for protecting company and customer data and it is encouraging to see such a significant jump in enterprise-wide adoption,” said Cindy Provin, Senior Vice President for Identity and Data Protection at Entrust. “However, managing encryption and protecting the associated keys are rising pain points as organizations engage multiple cloud services for critical functions. As the workforce becomes more transitory, organizations need a comprehensive approach to security built around identity, zero trust, and strong encryption rather than old models that rely on perimeter security and passwords.” ENDS Additional Information: Report: 2022 Global Encryption Trends Study Blog: How does your multi-cloud security strategy measure up? 2022 Global Encryption Trends Study methodology The 2022 Global Encryption Trends Study, based on research by the Ponemon Institute, captures how the use of encryption has evolved over the past 17 years and the impact of this technology on the security posture. In the study, 6,264 IT professionals were surveyed across multiple industry sectors in 17 countries/regions: Australia, Brazil, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Mexico, Middle East (which is a combination of respondents located in Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates), Netherlands, the Russian Federation, Spain, Southeast Asia, South Korea, Sweden, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, and the United States. About Entrust Corporation Entrust keeps the world moving safely by enabling trusted identities, payments, and data protection. Today more than ever, people demand seamless, secure experiences, whether they’re crossing borders, making a purchase, accessing e-government services or logging into corporate networks. Entrust offers an unmatched breadth of digital security and credential issuance solutions at the very heart of all these interactions. With more than 2,500 colleagues, a network of global partners, and customers in over 150 countries, it’s no wonder the world’s most entrusted organizations trust us.


Geneva: The International Air Transport Association (IATA) released April 2022 data for global air cargo markets showing a drop in demand and contraction in capacity. The effects of Omicron in Asia and the Russia–Ukraine war continue to create a challenging operating backdrop that is driving the decline.

Note: We returned to year-on-year traffic comparisons, instead of comparisons with the 2019 period, unless otherwise noted.

  • Global demand, measured in cargo tonne-kilometers (CTKs*), fell 11.2% compared to April 2021
    (-10.6% for international operations). Global demand is down 1% compared to April 2019.
  • Capacity was 2% below 2021 (+1.2% for international operations). Both global capacity and international capacity decreased slightly in April compared to March. Asia experienced the largest falls in capacity.
  • Key factors in the operating environment should be noted:

o   The war in Ukraine led to a fall in cargo capacity used to serve Europe as several airlines based in Russia and Ukraine were key cargo players. And the zero-COVID policy in China led to capacity challenges due to flight cancellations because of labor shortages.

o   New export orders, a leading indicator of cargo demand and world trade are now shrinking in all markets except the US. Global goods trade has continued to decline in 2022, with China’s economy growing more slowly because of COVID-19 related lockdowns (among other factors). The lockdowns have brought much of the world’s largest port, Shanghai, to a standstill. Supply chain disruptions due to the Ukraine-Russia conflict are also adding to the downward pressure on trade.

“Air cargo demand fell by 11.2% in April and capacity contracted 2% compared to April 2021. The combination of the war in Ukraine and COVID-19 lockdowns in China have pushed up energy costs, intensified supply chain disruptions, and fed inflation. The operating environment is challenging for all businesses, including air cargo. But with China easing lockdown restrictions, there is cause for some optimism and the supply/demand imbalance is keeping yields high,” said Willie Walsh, IATA’s Director General.

April Regional Performance

Asia-Pacific airlines saw their air cargo volumes decrease by 15.8% in April 2022 compared to the same month in 2021. This was the weakest performance of all regions and significantly slower than the previous month (-5.1%). Airlines in the region have been heavily impacted by lower trade and manufacturing activity due to Omicron-related lockdowns in China. Because of this, available capacity in the region fell 19.4% compared to April 2021, the largest drop of all regions.

North American carriers posted a 6.6% decrease in cargo volumes in April 2022 compared to April 2021. Demand in the Asia-North America market declined significantly, however, other key routes such as Europe – North America remain strong. Capacity was up 5.2% compared to April 2021. Several carriers in the region are set to receive delivery of freighters in 2022, which should help address pent-up demand on routes where it is needed.

European carriers saw a 14.4% decrease in cargo volumes in April 2022 compared to the same month in 2021. The Within Europe market fell significantly, down 24.6% month on month.  This is attributable to the war in Ukraine. Labor shortages and lower manufacturing activity in Asia due to Omicron also affected volumes. Capacity fell 0.2% in April 2022 compared to April 2021.

Middle Eastern carriers experienced a 11.9% year-on-year decrease in cargo volumes in April. Significant benefits from traffic being redirected to avoid flying over Russia failed to materialize. This is likely due to persisting supply chain issues in Asia. Capacity was up 6% compared to April 2021.

Latin American carriers reported an increase of 40.9% in cargo volumes in April 2022 compared to the 2021 period. This was the strongest performance of all regions. Airlines in this region have shown optimism by introducing new services and capacity, and in some cases investing in additional aircraft for air cargo in the coming months.  Capacity in April was up 67.8% compared to the same month in 2021.

African airlines saw cargo volumes decrease by 6.3% in April 2022 compared to April 2021. This was significantly slower than the growth recorded the previous month (3.1%). Capacity was 1.5% below April 2021 levels.