Females on the Frontline: Firsthand Insight on Emergency Medicine

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The 8th of March marks International Women’s Day. On this special occasion, females are recognized for their achievements across different sectors. According to the National Institutes of Health, females in the medical profession are taking up more leadership roles globally. In fact, the covid-19 pandemic has proven that in MENA, women make up majority of the workers at the healthcare and social services sector. Women have been at the core of the health emergency response.

Emergency department environments are often depicted as intense scenes in television and movies. But actually, being immersed in the fast-paced world of emergency medicine is one of those things you’ll never fully understand until you’re there.

To get a behind-the-scenes look at what it’s really like working in the ER, we enlisted Dr. Natalie Truong, emergency physician and St. George’s University (SGU) School of Medicine graduate. Keep reading to hear her firsthand insight from the front lines.

FIRST, WHAT IS EMERGENCY MEDICINE?

As its name implies, emergency medicine refers to the treatment of illness or injuries requiring immediate attention. No matter the facility, every emergency department (ED) is populated by numerous different medical professionals who are all working toward a common goal: to save and preserve the quality of life for patients who are experiencing some sort of physical or emotional duress.

Emergency physicians treat all patients who come through the emergency department doors, regardless of their illness or injury type. In every case, immediate stabilization takes priority. Once patients are stabilized and treated, emergency physicians may then refer them for admission to the hospital or further care from other specialists as needed.

Dr. Truong explains that a typical week in the ED will include patients experiencing varying levels of duress. “We usually see mixed acuity patients, from those with low to high asthma exacerbation to those with newly diagnosed metastatic cancer to those experiencing decompensated heart failure or heart attack.,” she elaborates.

WHAT IS IT LIKE WORKING AS AN EMERGENCY PHYSICIAN?

As you’re beginning to see, working in the ED is anything but predictable. As much as medical school will equip you with the knowledge needed to diagnose and treat patients, it can’t prepare you for the high-stakes nature of the job.

Dr. Truong recalls just how jarring it can be at first. “I had never experienced that intense a rush of adrenaline, fear, anxiety, and uncertainty,” she says. Learning about cardiac and respiratory arrests was one thing, she notes, “but to stand in front of someone undergoing one is an entirely different story.”

While the specific circumstances of any given shift are unpredictable, emergency doctors do experience some sought-after stability and flexibility when it comes to their work weeks. Physicians in this specialty generally have pre-set shifts with fixed working hours. They will find themselves working evenings, weekends, and holidays as needed, but the typical emergency physician works between three and five shifts per week.

All medical doctors begin with the same training in medical school. It’s not until the medical residency where physicians-in-training really begin to hone their skills in a particular area of practice. Before you pinpoint emergency medicine as your specialization, Dr. Truong suggests doing some personal research. “Talk to as many people as you can who have experience working in the ED. This will help you grasp the expectations and see if it’s the right path for you,” she advises.

At St. George’s University, the final two years of the MD program focus on clinical sciences, with training at SGU’s clinical centers and affiliated hospitals in the United States and United Kingdom.

Clinical training emphasizes responsibility, maturity, and compassion in the development of professional excellence. Students learn how to conduct themselves as physicians, take responsibility, work harmoniously with professional colleagues, and exhibit maturity.

In the ED, every shift will be different. And while not knowing what to expect might be a source of stress for some, many emergency doctors find the mystery to be exciting. These are physicians who love a challenge. You literally don’t know what will come through the door next- a mom carrying a febrile infant, an 80-year-old with chest pain or a young child with a head injury.

“To be a great emergency doctor, you have to have the drive, the discipline, the perseverance, and the passion,” Dr. Truong explains. “You will do well if you are a self-starter who continually educates yourself.”

In addition to thriving in a fast-paced, fluctuating environment, skilled emergency physicians must have strong critical-thinking abilities. You’ll often have to make decisions based on limited information. Patients undergoing some kind of medical emergency may be unable to fully communicate their symptoms or they could even be unconscious. The ability to keep a level head while running through a mental checklist of symptoms, diagnoses, and treatment plans is a skill that not everyone has.

“I could never have imagined I’d enjoy what I do more every day,” Dr. Truong says. “Emergency medicine is a challenging but fulfilling journey. If you work hard, it will definitely pay off.”

As of March 2021, St. George’s University in Grenada, West Indies, is proud to have a student body made up of 53% females, who will follow in Dr. Truong’s footsteps to provide excellent care and be committed to making a difference in the lives of their future patients every day.